Also called epistaxis, this is the bleeding that occurs due to damage to the capillaries inside the nose. There are many reasons for nose bleeding. Stating that there are two important reasons for nosebleeds in the summer months, Yeditepe University Kozyatağı Hospital Ear, Nose, and Throat Specialist Prof. Dr. Müzeyyen Doğan answered the questions about nosebleeds during the summer months.
What Causes Nose Bleeding?
Causes of nosebleeds included direct nasal trauma, nose picking, prolonged use of high-pressure nasal sprays, blood diseases, dryness in the mucosa, chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, and hypertension. Patients with hypertension in the summer tend to increase blood pressure due to prolonged exposure to heat. More use of air conditioners can also cause dryness in the inhaled air, drying in the nasal mucosa, and breaking in the vessels in the nasal mucosa.
Is There a Certain Risk Group for Nose Bleeding?
It is a risk group of patients who take blood thinner drugs, hypertensive patients, those who use a nasal spray for a long time, those who have a nasal mixing habit, and those who receive chemotherapy.
What Are The Symptoms of Nose Bleeding?
Mild bleeding usually occurs in the form of blood mixed with secretion during blowing. Severe bleeding occurs when there is a large amount of light-colored blood coming from the nose without reason or nasal cleansing.
What to Do to Prevent Nose Bleedings?
In order to prevent it, it is necessary to keep the inside of the nose moist and to pay attention to blood pressure control. If dryness is felt, drops that moisten the nasal mucosa can be used, and adequate fluid intake should not be neglected. Hypertensive patients should not go out unless necessary on days when the weather is very hot. In addition, it is necessary to avoid strong blowing movements when cleaning the nose.
How to Treat Nose Bleedings?
During nose bleeding, first of all, it is necessary to calm down. The thumb and index finger and vibrissa should be squeezed, and the pressure should be applied for 10 minutes. Lifting the head does not help, bleeding in the front of the nose flows backward, causing swallowing and vomiting. This makes it difficult to control the bleeding. Hypertensive patients should be checked by measuring blood pressure. If the bleeding does not stop despite this first intervention, it is necessary to contact the nearest healthcare institution. If the bleeding stops with the first intervention, it is recommended to apply moisturizing drops or creams to the nose.
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