With endocrine surgeries, disorders that affect the glands in your endocrine system are treated. Surgery mostly focuses on diseases affecting your thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands. With the hormones secreted from these glands, what needs to be done to keep our body healthy is transmitted to the tissues via message. When there is too much or too little hormone production, different diseases occur. In this case, endocrine surgeons may be needed.
Endocrine surgeons are physicians who take care of thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal gland diseases individually after receiving five years of General Surgery specialization training and performing operations on these organs. Endocrine Surgery requires subtle and gentle work. This is because the slightest error can cause permanent hoarseness, permanent low calcium, and life-threatening bleeding.
Which Glands of the Endocrine System Does Endocrine Surgery Focus on?
Adrenal glands: The adrenal glands secrete hormones that affect our reproductive health and body development. In addition, cortisol hormones are secreted by the body, especially during times of stress and some hormones used in the control of blood pressure are also secreted from the adrenal glands.
Parathyroid glands: Located just behind the thyroid gland, these four small glands control your body's calcium and phosphorus levels, which are vital to bone development.
Thyroid gland: This butterfly-shaped gland in front of your neck controls your metabolism. It also affects how your body produces heat and uses energy and oxygen.
What are the Types of Endocrine Surgery?
Adrenalectomy is the procedure of removing either or both of the adrenal glands.
Parathyroid surgery (parathyroidectomy) means removing one or more of your four parathyroid glands.
Thyroidectomy is the removal of your thyroid gland or a lobe.
Pancreatectomy is the removal of all or part of your pancreas.
Some common endocrine disorders treated with surgery:
- Adrenal Tumors
- Cushing's Syndrome
- Parathyroid Glands
- Parathyroid Adenomas
- Parathyroid Transplantation
- Parathyroid Cancer
- Graves' Disease
- Toxic (Hyper functional) Thyroid Nodules.
- Thyroid nodules
- Thyroid cancer
- Neuroendocrine Tumors